Animal testing is globally carried out to develop new medicines and to test the efficacy and safety of products such as vaccinations and antibiotics. Animal testing is hugely controversial and the welfare of the animals remains a topical issue. There are many arguments for and against animal testing (BBC, 2014). Animal testing could affect both the physical and emotional state of the animals and this is where the famous “five freedoms” must be followed.
The five freedoms were first introduced in 1941.
1. Freedom from hunger, thirst and malnutrition
2. Freedom from thermal and physical discomfort
3. Freedom from pain, injury and disease
4. Freedom from fear and distress
5. Freedom to express normal behaviour
The animal welfare act (2006) (AWA) contains the general laws leading to animal welfare and the AWA ensures that owners and establishments follow welfare laws.
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Educating the Veterinary Students of Tomorrow